Leo-Felix M. Jurado
Leo-Felix M. Jurado

Urban Health


Work Position
Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, William Paterson University

Date that passed dissertation defense
April 2013


Dr. Leo-Felix M. Jurado is a nurse educator, nurse administrator, advanced practice nurse and a community leader. He has almost three decades of professional nursing experience. He has taught in several schools of nursing and has held leadership positions in medical centers. He served as President of the New Jersey Board of Nursing, President of the Philippine Nurses Association of New Jersey and eventually President of the Philippine Nurses Association of America. He has received numerous awards that recognize his leadership and expertise in nursing education including the Nursing Excellence Award in Education from the New Jersey State Nurses Association, Outstanding Nurse Educator Award from the Philippine Nurses Association of America, and the DON Exceptional Leadership Award from the Institute of Nursing; Asian-American Leadership Award.

Dr. Jurado’s research interests are; foreign-educated nurses; health care disparities, men in nursing, and men’s health. He holds certifications in Nursing Administration, Nursing Education, Distance Education, and Advanced Practice Nursing. He has travelled nationally and internationally to speak on leadership, nursing education, and issues related to ethnic minority nursing, men’s health.


Title of the Dissertation

Social construction of Filipino nurses in the Philippines and as foreign-educated nurses in the United States

Dissertation Abstract

The study examined the social construction of Filipino nurses in the Philippines and as foreign-educated nurses (FENs) in the US. The study objectives were: (a) describe the historical events contributing to mass recruitment of nursing graduates from the Philippines to the US, (b) analyze the political and economic factors underlying the unidirectional flow of foreign-educated nurses from the Philippines to the US, (c) examine the impact of large scale nursing recruitment from the Philippines to the US, and (d) analyze the influence of socially constructed forces on conditions of employment and perceived value of FENs in the US. Social Critical Theory was the conceptual framework for the study.  The qualitative study design used historical research and focus groups. The data sources included primary and secondary sources, collected between 1900 to 2013 in the US and the Philippines. Four separate focus groups were conducted with 21 FENs who entered the US under different visas for training or employment between 1962- 2006. Findings from historical data and focus groups were triangulated in analyzing linkages and significance of events in the phenomenon of interest.

The findings revealed that mass emigration of nurses from the Philippines to the US is facilitated by nursing shortages that brought changes in immigration laws easing entry of nurses to the US. The fusion between the subjective and objective reality constructed nursing and migration to the US as key to improving the economic well-being and social status of FENs and their families. Filipino families, schools, and government take an active role in promoting this social reality. The American benevolent assimilation agenda, US-based public education, and nursing education and practice have perpetuated American superiority and dependence of Filipinos on Americans. Findings provide an understanding of institutionalized structures perpetuating global inequalities in nurse migration and distribution that impact differentially among sending and receiving countries. The study has implications in policy development to promote retention of nurses in their home countries and foreign countries where they immigrate.




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